Binoculars and Telescopes Online
A cutting-edge guide to the theory and practice of high-speed digital system design<br> <br> An understanding of high-speed interconnect phenomena is essential for digital designers who must deal with the challenges posed by the ever-increasing operating speeds of today's microprocessors. This book provides a much-needed, practical guide to the state of the art of modern digital system design, combining easily accessible explanations with immensely useful problem-solving strategies. Written by three leading Intel engineers, High-Speed Digital System Design clarifies difficult and often neglected topics involving the effects of high frequencies on digital buses and presents a variety of proven techniques and application examples. Extensive appendices, formulas, modeling techniques as well as hundreds of figures are also provided.<br> Coverage includes:<br> * A thorough introduction to the digital aspects of basic transmission line theory<br> * Crosstalk and nonideal transmission line effects on signal quality and timings<br> * The impact of packages, vias, and connectors on signal integrity<br> * The effects of nonideal return current paths, high frequency power delivery, and simultaneous switching noise<br> * Explanations of how driving circuit characteristics affect the quality of the digital signal<br> * Digital timing analysis at the system level that incorporates high-speed signaling effects into timing budgets<br> * Methodologies for designing high-speed buses and handling the very large number of variables that affect interconnect performance<br> * Radiated emission problems and how to minimize system noise<br> * The practical aspects of making measurements in high-speed digital systems
This text describes the theory and practice of optical mineralogy in terms useful to all practitioners from the beginning student to the professional in field and laboratory geology and industrial and environmental mineralogy. The author's aim is to provide the simplest possible access to the most powerful techniques of optical crystal identification. The book emphasizes useful practical theoretical material and methods for studying both thin sections of rocks and immersion of mineral grains in refractive index liquids. It contains original research results found in no other text. A major goal of the text is to allow precise determination of refractive index and the essential composition of crystals belonging to important mineral groups such as olivine, feldspar, and pyroxene. New methods for achieving this are developed for both white light and colored light of variable wavelength. Among the book's unique features is the color fringe chart developed by Prof. Morse for estimating both the direction and degree of mismatch between the refraction index of a crystal and that of the surrounding liquid medium in the immersion method. Further, a new algebraic treatment of the dispersion method allows a high precision of match between crystal and liquid. An original classification of interference figures aids crystal identification. Worked examples of refractive index determination and crystal identification are given for each optical class of crystals. The optic orientation of optically biaxial crystals is illustrated with examples from each crystal system portrayed in stereographic projection. Principles and applications of crystal identification with the dispersion method are developed in a separate chapter. The final chapter is a practical, step-by-step guide to crystal identification in thin section or immersion. An identification table for the most common asbestos minerals, including the dispersion staining method used by most environmental laboratories.
Binoculars and Telescopes Online Articles
Binoculars and Telescopes Online Books
Binoculars and Telescopes Online